u- class. punch; time. Gramm: classifier (root form) prefixing numerals and certain monosyllabic adjectival roots. Used for 1. punches. 2. number of times, as iterations of an action taking place in the same given event. uhe/uye, unye, uhinnge, upe, u'ngohe, ukhe, ukanuhe, upinye, ukoahe, ulyanhe. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 punche(s)/time(s)/hole(s). Var: o-. Usage: Hari, Bulla.
Gramm: classifier (root
form) prefixing numerals and certain monosyllabic adjectival roots.
Used for holes or cavities.
ubu [u´bu] n. hole. ubu huko vcn. to pierce; to make a hole. yaru ubu n.
ude [´u´de] n. house, home. ude abya n. wooden notched ladder of the house. ude alye n. main door of the house. ude kubu n. (Zool.) common house rat. ude
nenchan n. house and land property; home. ude paku n. (Zool.) Snow Pigeon (Columba leuconata). ude pari n. (Zool.) Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) . ude tiniin n. domestic ritual performed by the priest during a *murun the day following a *penii. kotin ude n. traditional house with a thatched roof made of paddy stalks tied on a bamboo frame. Var: ketin ude. Usage: Bulla. santa ude n. house made of wooden planks. tin ude n. house with tin roof.
ugu [´ugu] n. hearth; fireplace. Ugu daka yamu mi yasi amito, yamu-yacha
kiinendii ke. Put some water over the hearth, [otherwise] it may
start again. See: imi.
ugu pachan n. corner of the hearth. ago ugu n. primary hearth located near the main entrance of a traditional house; front hearth; outer hearth. ura ugu n. secondary
hearth located in the innermost section of a traditional house; back hearth; inner hearth.
ugun n. 1. entrance of a hole; entrance hole. Etym: from *ubu, 'hole', *agun, 'mouth'. 2. any hole communicating between two hollow spaces. Ant: upu.
ugya-ragya adj. pierced; with
uha/uha i interj.
wow! Usage: interjection used to express surprise at the greatness or beauty of something.
uhe See: uye.
uko [´u´ko] n. rear side of the house, more specifically referring to the open porch or "veranda" located at the rear of a traditional Apatani home. Var: ushe. Usage: Hong. uko alye n. back door. uko simbya n.
platform of the rear veranda made of a cover of bamboo stems split lengthwise in equal halves. Ant: byago simbya. uko subu siikha n. altar erected on the backside veranda which is used for sacrificing mithun during a *murun. Syn: uko subu siikha .
uko n. way out.
uko n. hole, as in a cloth. Syn: uko-ulyi.
ukun [u´kũ] n:num. 1. one punch. 2. one time; once. 3. one hole. Gramm: used when enumerating only, i.e. counting without reference to a particular object. Otherwise *uye/*ue is used instead. See: u-.
ukha [u´xa] adj. shallow; not deep, as of a river or lake. Syn: akha.
ulu-byalu adj. (of appearance) unclean; unhygienic;
unappetizing. Syn: byurii-byarii; bulun-biile.
umpu vt. to sip mistakently.
umpu vt. to spit over someone.
umyu 1. n. point (of something sharp) 2. adj. pointed. 3. adj. protruding, as of a roof.
unbu-unbe adj. (of
a person) dull; simpleton. Usage: Hija. Var: unbu-anbe; unbun Usage: Bulla.
une n. wound; lesion; injury. Syn.
une tare. une chenkho n. scab. une giiko n. scar. une miigii vcn. to wound; to cause physical pain or injury to.
unii n. main entrance. Usage: Hong.
unka vt. to sip something, usually to taste it before taking full.
unpedo n. general term for the distribution of a piece of meat of slaughtered animals to every household of a village or a group of villages which accompanies the celebration of certain grades of *murun such as *takun-putu, *runtii and *yapun-yalan.
unpete talin n. procession organized on the seventh day of *un pedo.
unyo adj. (of a hole) narrow. Etym: from *ubu, 'hole'
unyo adj. (of
an injury or wound) minor; benign. Ant: uro. Etym: from *une, 'lesion, injury'.
upu n. blind hole. Etym: from *ubu, 'hole', *-pu, 'cover'.
ura [u´ra] n. inside; interior. Ant: ago. ura ho [u´ra´ho] post.
inside; into. Ngo basket ball mi basket ura
ho rilii-rikhato. I failed to throw the ball into the basket.
Ant: ago ho. ura dalyi post. in the interior. Ant: ago dalyi. ura empun n. back side of a house; portion of space stretching in front of the rear hearth (*ura ugu) towards of the back entrance. Ant: ago empun. ura nyibu n. main priest officiating during a *murun. Syn: lapan nyibu. See: ago nyibu. ura simbya n. open platform at the rear of the house. Ant: byago simbya. ura ugu n. secondary
hearth located in the innermost section of a traditional house. Ant: ago ugu.
uran [u´rã] adj. deep, as of a river. Syn: aran.
Ant: ukha, akha.
uro adj. (of a man) strong; physically powerful. uro-kiilin adv.
strongly. Urokiilin hayadoku ta ka ah. Hangii diisii nyima
sii ha? Do you have something to eat? I'm famished. uropa adv.
strongly. Myopii mi uropa
chadin'yo. Don't tread heavily on the
uro adj. (of a hole) large; big. Ant: unyo. Etym: from *ubu, 'hole'.
uro adj. (of an injury or wound) serious. Ant: unyo. Etym: from
*une, 'lesion, injury'. uro popo adj. serious.
uru n. 1. subdivision of a*tulu corresponding to a kin cluster traceable
to one grandfather or greatgrandfather, often referred to by the name of
such a known ancestor; patrilineage. 2. in a more restricted sense, family. Barmi ari mi uru ho pebine. The bride price was distributed among the patrilineage members. See: tulu.
usa n:qual. (of
two or more punches, times) 1. distinct; different. 2. one for each. Gramm: post-nominal
usa n:qual. (of
two or more holes or cavities) 1. distinct; different. 2. one for each. Gramm: post-nominal
qualifying noun. Etym: from *ubu, 'hole'.
ushe n. way out, e.g. of a hole pierced by some rodent. Usage: Hong. Var: uko.
utun bulun adj. (of appearance) fat and round. Usage: Hija. Var: tatun bulun. Usage: Bulla.
uye n:num. 1. one punch. Mo uye kiibiinenii nyan hime so khegiido nii. He gave a blow so the child is crying. 2. one time; once. Yasi dariisiido ha hiila uye kakato. Go and see if the water is
clean! 3. one hole. Gramm: used when referring to a particular object. When enumerating, as in school, *ukun is used instead. Var: oye.
uyi [´ui] n. spirit; god. uyi achigiinii n. child's game involving dipping under the water so that others cannot see. uyi aloniin n. farewell to the gods, domestic ritual held at *myoko, and *murun during which fowls are sacrificed at the priest's house. Syn: uyi alodu; nenniin; uyi nenniin. uyi anii n. (usually by women) 1. n. one who is possessed by a spirit 2. adj. (in a nominal or relatived clause) possessed by a spirit. uyi aniin [´ui´a:n
ĩ] n. spirit possession (lit. 'coming of a spirit'). uyi
atu n. forest bug,
uyi anyo n. house ritual involving a claustration of the domestic space. uyi
atu n. forest bug, in general, an insect which feeds by sucking plant juices or saps. Includes Green Stink Bug and Cotton Bug/Red Cotton Stainer (Dysdercus sp.) . uyi be vcn. to invoke spirits by chanting or reciting in ritual context. uyi inii n. shaman; seer. Encycl: person who is able to contact/enter the realm of spirits with the help of a tutelary deity, usually by falling in trance, for inquiring about the causes of an individual's affliction. See: mikhii runii. uyi kaho n. punishment attributed to a spirit/god; divine sanction. uyi kalo n. spirit of a departed ancestor; ancestor's soul. Syn: uyi miyu kalo. uyi kubu n. (Zool.) Indian Mole Rat (Bandicota bengalensis), an almost naked rodent species having a bad odour, found in paddy fields and bamboo groves, occasionally in houses . uyi mii vcn. to perform a ritual or sacrifice to spirits. Uyi miisu
lala ngunu anyodoran ke, haman diikinma. We are still observing
abstinence after performing a ritual, we cannot eat vegetables. uyi pami n. (Anat.) goose pimples, as appearing on skin when one feels cold or frightened. uyi niniin n. generic term for rituals aimed at sending spirits back to their residence after inviting them. uyi peron [´ui pe´rõ] n. generic term for plants bearing beans in seed pods and of unusual appearance, such as Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens). Var: uyi perun. uyi poper [´uyi po´pər] n. (Zool.) generic term applied to several strange looking butterfly species, esp. moths.
uyi subu n. (Zool) yak (Bos grunniens). uyi tanyi n. (Bot.) Cobra Lily (Arisaema
sp.), a wild flowering plant whose single, phallus-like green
inflorescence (or spathe) resembles a maize ear. Has a foetid smell
that attracts insects . uyi yarlan n. variety of domestic healing ritual. dema uyi nphr. evil spirit, malevolent spirit. gyunyan uyi [gjuɲã´u´i] n.
generic term for malevolent/ harmful spirits. lyanniibo uyi n. benevolent spirit; tutelary spirit. yapun uyi n.
literally 'sky spirit/god', name of a divinity residing in the sky who
is believed to control rains. Also describes an agrarian festival organized just before the harvest in July or August,
aimed at propitiating
*Yapun so that hailstorms do not damage the crops.