ra[ra] vt-r. to bind or tie, esp. bundles of
firewood or things of relatively large size; to tie someone or something up. Syn: ra. Syn: ara.
ra- [ra] class. bundle of firewood. Gramm: classifier (root form) prefixing numerals and certain monosyllabic adjectival roots. Used for counting bundles of
firewood. rahe/raye, ranye, rahinnge, rape, ra'ngohe, rakhe, rakanuhe,
rapinye, rakoahe, ralyanhe. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 bundle(s) of firewood.
ra- class. 1. cane haversack. 2. basket for carrying firewood.
Gramm: classifier (root
form) prefixing numerals and certain monosyllabic adjectival roots.
Used for counting cane haversacks or baskets used by males for carrying firewood. rahe/raye, ranye, rahinnge, rape, ra'ngohe, rakhe,
rapinye, rakoahe, ralyanhe. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 racksak(s)/basket(s). Etym: from *lera, 'cane haversack' , and *yara, 'basket for carrying firewood'.
-ra vsuff. empty. Gramm: result suffix indicating that something is emptied as a result of the action denoted by the verb.
wiggle/squirm in the mud. Syn:rabe-ralyi.
tie someone or something on someone else's behalf/for someone.
rabinvt. (of a plural subject) to
tie someone or something jointly or collectively.
rabovt. 1. to tie something along with others. 2.
to help somone tie something.
rabun. hole in the soil; hollow or hollowed-out place; cavity. Sanii rabu ura ho tabu do. There is a snake inside the tree hole. Syn:ubu-rabu.
one of the three varieties of late ripening paddy; white variety.
pole cut from *kiira tree that is used to carry pigs at Myoko festival, and later becomes one major element of *danyi
rahen. (Zool.) Red billed Leiothrix (Leiothrix lutea), a small bird of the babbler family of
overall olive green colour, with a yellow throat and red bill .
rahe n:num. (of bundles of firewood) one. Gramm: used for referring to a particular object. When enumerating, as in school, *rakun is used instead.
rahiivt. to rotate some heavy object by dragging it over the soil.
rahu v. (Bot.) variety of chestnut tree. See: kiira; korbin; riihin.
raju [ra´juʔ] n.
variety of netted coarse wicker basket used to carry soil, firewood, etc.
with the help of a strap held on the forehead. Raju giiye. One *raju basket. Var: raju giihe. See: rapya; barju.
raka n. (Bot.) variety of chestnut tree used to make house pillars or posts.
rakun [ra´kũ]n:num. (of bundles of firewood) one. Gramm: used when enumerating only, i.e. without reference to a particular object. Otherwise *rahe/*raye is used instead.
ralin. place where the house outer pillars (*siiran) are erected. tuchan-ralin. pillars of a traditional Apatani house. See:siiran-sanda.
ralinn. palpable mass of tissue inside skin or body which may be due to pathological condition, or swelling resulted from such a mass of tissue. ralin-rachinn. any growth of body tissue of somewhat rounding shape.
ralyan vt.tobind in order to
rectify/repair/renew something, as is done with altars before performing rituals. Gyunyan tiigo mi
ralyanma koda, miyu sanko nyima. Without the performance of
rituals there would be no place for humans to live. |Apatani saying].
ralyupyalaadj. (of a person) absent-minded.
Aji ho hime atan si ralyupyala
solya la da. Kids are playing absent-mindedly in the paddy field (i.e. instead of helping).
(of yellow, orange or brownish colours) dark. Siika pila si pilan ramba. This *pila is dark
brown (lit. very brown). See: koman.
-ramivsuff. 1. still [do]ing. Gramm: continuative aspectual suffix indicating that the action denoted by the verb is still unfolding. Usually occurs following aspectual suffix -*do or *-du, or copulas *da, *do, *du. Yama
biiro kii aji miido-rami. Yama had been cultivating the field since the last
Student atan hii siiro ka purinii siisi lyiye puri ridorami. The students
have been studying from this morning and are still doing so.
Ngiika alyi ho Anyo apin diiladorami. Anyo was still eating food while I arrived. 2. still [be]ing.
Ngo anyan-nyanlyanhe Delhi ho date la ude abiihankiile, ngunuka aki hii darami. I found my dog still alive when I returned home after having spent ten years in
Delhi. Usage: Bulla. Syn: -ran.
-rampa [răpa] vsuff. while; as; during. Gramm:
temporal subordinating suffix
combination indicating that the marked action/event occurs at the same time as
another action/event indicated by verb of the following clause. Ngo
aladorampa, bus harnubiine. The bus went off before I arrived.
(literally 'as I was on the way'). Ant: -marampa.
ran vt-r.to tether; to tie cow, etc. Dula lo aki randu. One ties dogs with ropes.
-ran [ră] vsuff.still [do]ing. Gramm: continuative aspectual suffix combination indicating that the marked event, which began at an earlier time, is still unfolding. Usually occurs in final position
predicate suffix chain, most often following aspectual suffixes -*do or *-du, or copulas *da, *do, *du. Ngo apin diiduran. I'm still eating food. Ngo
siisi lopa vacation doran. So far I am still on vacation. Mo
luladoran. He is still speaking. Ngo siisida ude ho adukuran. I have
just come back home. Ngo Delhi ho daran. I'm still in Delhi. No
rengii siidudo, hojalo yasan khonyehe tatoran. You must be feeling
tired, still cut/split some more firewood! Syn: -rami.
-randiima [rădima] vsuff. may not have [done] yet.
Tallo Ziro charandiima. Tallo may have not have gone (up) to Ziro yet. Tallo apin diirandiima. Tallo may not have eaten yet. Sukun office inrandiima. Sukun may not have gone to office yet.
rane pron. (of bundles of firewood) how many. Gramm: interrogative pronoun.
ranke n. (Bot.) variety of wild plant used as a medicine, having a bitter taste.
rakhan. old oak. Etym: from *kiira, 'oak', *akha, 'old man, elder'. Ant: rapa.
raniinn. tying; binding. dokho raniinn. construction of the altar for a sacrifice due to take place in the house's sacred corner (*dokho achan). siikha raniinn. construction of *siikha altar by tying splits from *kiira tree. yugyan raniinn. construction of an altar at *yugyan during a *murun.
-ransovsuff. [do] first/firstly (before some other
action). Miitoranso. Do this first (i.e. before taking up some other task). See: -maranso.
rantii [´răti] n. sacred grove situated
in the vicinity of every village.
ranyin. chain, esp. iron chain.
rapiivt. to put or position something breadthwise. Ant: raso.
rapiivt. to dig underneath something.
rapan. young chestnu tree or chestnut sapling. Etym: from *kiira, 'chestnut', *yapa, 'young'. Ant: rakha.
rapovt. 1. to tie up, esp. big objects. 2. to tie into bundle. Syn:riipo.
rapyan. muti-purpose coarse wicker basket used during outings in paddy fields or distant gardens (*yorlu) for carrying vegetables or firewood, catching fish, etc. See: raju; barju.
rari hamann. (Bot.) Piper brachystachyum, a variety of vegetable. Usage: Bulla. Var: raru haman. Usage: Hija .
rasan:qual. (of two or more bundles of firewood) 1. distinct; different. 2. one set for each
Gramm: post-nominal qualifying noun. Etym: from *yara,
'variety of loosely woven cane basket used by males for carrying firewood '.
rasan:qual. (of two or more haversacks) 1. distinct; different. 2. one set for each.
Gramm: post-nominal qualifying noun. Etym: from *lera, 'haversack made of cane wicker'.
rasovt. to put or position something lengthwise. Ant:rapii.
ratinvt. to fasten, as a door.
ratinv. to interrupt a speech. Syn:ratin-ralin. Ngiika lujamarampa Yampi ratinbiidane. Yampi interrupted me before I could finish my speech.
rayeadj. 1. serious. 2. (of a person) stubborn.
revt-r. to scrape from a surface.
revt-r. to cross, as a river.
-re vsuff. broken. Gramm: result suffix indicating that something is broken, or comes apart, as a result of the action identified by the verb.
rebov. to ferry; to cross a river.
reke [´reke] n. ceiling (grenier) floor. reke abu [´reke a´bu:] n. bamboo covering of the ceiling floor. reke abyan. notched log
providing access to the ceiling. Var: reke-rebya. Usage: Hong . Danyi
reke abya kanedoku. The sun is at the height of the ceiling
stair (to indicate a particular moment of the evening session). reke ubu [´reke ´u´bu] n. opening made in the ceiling floor to access the ceiling area.
rekhav. to bruise; to injure body tissue, as by blow, without breaking the skin but causing a bruise.
rekhavt. to scrape something off (of one's skin, e.g.).
rengii [´re´ŋi] adj. tired; worn out; fatigued. No rengii siidudo, hojalo ngiimi bazar linkun pe. You must be feeling tired, still please accompany me to the market. Var: renge; renge pehe. Usage: Bulla. Sipun ngo ano rengela dato. These days I have been feeling really tired. kalya rengiiadj. feeling tired of waiting for something; impatient.
reniinn. scraping; shaving; rubbing.
resuvt. to shave, as one's face with a razor. gomu resuvcn.to shave one's face.
rin. drool; saliva dripping or running from the mouth.
ri [ri] vt-r. to throw (stones, etc.). See: chi.
rivt-r. to read; to study. Jalyang letter mi ripa miido ke. Jalyang is about to read the letter. Syn: puri-ri.
ri [ri:] vt-r. to draw a line, as on
the ground or some large surface. Tama asii pa rido. Tama is drawing a line.
ri [´ri:] vt-r. to stitch (with a needle); to sew. Syn: ari.
-rivsuff. start; begin. Gramm: inceptive aspectual suffix used to indicate that the subject initiates the action denoted by the verb. On adjectives, conveys the basic meaning 'start becoming x' or 'get x'. Occurs before the tense markers in a suffix chain. Lurido. Begin to
speak. Asurido. Start
becoming lazy. Ant: -mo.
ri aro n:time. day after tomorrow morning. Syn: rida aro.
ribavt. (of a plural subject) to throw together.
ribavt. (of a plural subject) to read/study together.
ribavt. (of a plural subject) to draw a line together.
ribavt. (of a plural subject) to stitch together.
ribivt. 1. to throw at someone. 2. to throw on someone else's behalf.
ribu ngiiyin. (Zool.) Eel fish (Macrognathus pancalus and Aborichtys Elongatus).
richa vt. to throw up. Ant: rilo.
riche vt. to draw a line to divide a portion of space; to demarcate by drawing a line.
riche vt. to break something by throwing.
ridan:time day after tomorrow. rida aron:time day after tomorrow morning. rida alyi n:time day after tomorrow evening. rida ayon:time day after tomorrow night.
ridon. line. See:riniin.
rigiivt. 1. to teach (usually from books). Yanka nyimii atan mi rigiilado. Yanka is busy teaching the girls. 2. to learn from someone. Syn: puri-rigii.
rigon. study/work (viewed as an act yet to be done).
rigon. line drawing (viewed as an act yet to be done). Asii rigo hii doran. A line has yet to be drawn.
rigon. stitching work (viewed as an act yet to be done). Pulye ari-rigo hii doran. The cloth has yet to be stitched.
rigo-rigon. queue of people; line or row of objects. rigo-rigo rivcn. to stitch so as to form a single file. Yo mi yaso ho rigo-rigo rito la da. The meat has been strung onto a cane rope.
rihin. foul smell from armpit sweat.
riji n. (Bot.)
Creeping Fern (Cyclosorus
rikinvt. to show how to read;
to demonstrate how to read.
rikin vt. to show how to throw.
ho teacher hii ngunumi shot put mi
rikinne. In school teacher demonstrated us how to throw a shot put.
rikin vt. to show/demonstrate how to draw a line.
rikin vt. to show/demonstrate how to stitch.
riko-khakon. variety of penalty imposed in case of theft or killing of cattle.
rikun vt. (of a plural subject) to read/study collectively.
rikun vt. (of a plural subject) to throw
collectively; to throw together.
rikunvt. (of a plural subject) to draw a line collectively.
rikun vt. (of a plural subject) to stitch together.
rikha vt. to read something incorrectly; to make a mistake in reading something.
siika paragraph mi puri
rikhato. I made a mistake while reading
rikhavt. to throw something improperly; to
miss a target one is throwing at; to fail to throw.
Ngo basket ball mi
ho rilii rikhato. I failed to throw the ball into the basket.
rikhiivt. to lapidate; to kill a person
or an animal by throwing some heavy material at him/her/it.
rilan. ray. danyi rilan. sun ray. Aro konchi ho danyi rila byodo. Early morning sun rays cast a glow.
rilan. (Bot.) tendril. Taku rila. Tendril of cucumber.
rilaadj. skillful at reading.
rilaadj. expert at throwing something.
rilaadj. expert at drawing a line.
rilaadj. skillful, as of a stitcher.
riliivt. to throw in.
Ngo basket ball mi basket ura
ho rilii rikhato. I failed to throw basketball in the basket.
rilovt. to throw down. Ant: richa.
rilyo vt. to throw something slantingly or improperly.
rimi romoadj. confused.
City daka heavy traffic mi kala la lemba
akha si rimi romopa la daku. This elderly
villager has become confused after seeing the heavy traffic of the city.
rimyo-risoadj. colour-striped; decorated with coloured stripes.
riniin [rinĩ]n. studying.
riniin [rinĩ]n. throwing.
riniin [ri:nĩ]n. line; line
riniin [´ri:nĩ] n. stitching. aji agyan riniin n. agrarian ritual
performed by the various households in their paddy-fields during *Myoko
festival, marked by the erection of one *aji agyan in the centre of one
rinyin. gentle light that emanates from a sun ray. rinyi-rinyaadj. beautiful like the early morning sun light.
rinyon. 1. ring made of bamboo splits. 2. common first name for
females. rinyo gyadun. rings made of bamboo splits that are put on the tomb
of priests. rinyo jompun. element of the *babo structure, basically a bamboo frame
suspended at each extremity of the lower *babo taper. Var:rinyo some.
Usage: Hari . rinyo lebun.
diamond shape bead found on carnelian bead
necklaces (*lebu tasan), usually positioned towards the middle section of the row . rinyo patan. element of the*babo
mast structure, basically a wooden plank of about 60 cm long attached to the loops
of cane, which makes up the lower part of of *babo rinyo. Often decorated with geometrical motifs painted with black soots or
charcoal . babo rinyon. decoration of chains of rings that are put on both ends of
a *babo taper .
rinyo vt. to practice reading.
rinyo vt. to practice throwing. Student atan si shot put mi rinyonyado. Students practise throwing a shot put.
rinyovt. to practice stitching.
Nyimii atan si pulye mi rinyonyado. These ladies practise cloth stitching.
rinyoniinn. reading practice.
rinyoniin n. throwing practice.
rinyoniinn. stitching practice.
rinya-risavt. to scatter something.
ripavt. to throw away.
Mo tarii ayadorampa, ripabiine. He threw away his/her shirt while it was still in good condition.
ripevt. to stitch across.
ripevt. to throw something.
ripevt. to stripe or crack across one end to another.
ripo-rilon. strip (on a textile, shawl, etc.).
ripyo adj. 1. nice/pleasant to read or study. Siika novel si ano ripyodo. This novel is very nice to read. 2. easy to read ot study. Ant: riru. See: pupyo.
ripyo adj. easy to throw. Ant: riru.
ripyo adj. easy to stitch. Siika pulye si ano ripyodo. This cloth is very easy to stitch. Ant: riru.
riri tamin. (Bot.) Mile-a-minute, Chinese Creeper (Mikania micrantha), a perennial creeping climber used as vegetable which is also a very invasive weed.
riruadj. difficult or unpleasant to read/study. Ant: ripyo.
riruadj. difficult or unpleasant to throw. Ant: ripyo.
riruadj. difficult or unpleasant to stitch. Ant: ripyo.
riten. short necklace of white beads
commonly worn by children in olden days. Syn: rite tasan.
ritevt. to knock something down by throwing something at it.
Yasi glass mi cricket ball lo
Tara ritebiine. Tara threw a cricket ball which made the water glass to fall.
rituvt. to read or study for the first time.
rituvt. to throw for the first time.
rituvt. to draw a line for the first time.
rituvt. to stitch for the first time.
rii- [ri] class. bundle of bamboo. Gramm: classifier (root form) prefixing numerals and certain monosyllabic adjectival roots. Used for counting bundles of bamboos, or bundles of small pieces of wood.
riihe/riiye, riinye, riihinnge, riipe, rii'ngohe, riikhe, riikanuhe,
riipinye, riikoahe, riilyanhe. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 bundle(s) of bamboo.
rii [ri] vt-r. to bind, esp. bundles of bamboo. Syn: arii.
rii [´ri] vt-r. to buy; to purchase. Anyo dukan hokii books riida. Anyo is purchasing some books from the shop.
rii [ri] vt-r. 1. to mince; to cut. 2. to grind (esp. millet); to reduce to powder by pounding. Ane mirii riido. Mummy is pounding the millet (by using a stone mortar).
rii [ri] vt-r. to cut, esp. longer leaves of
fully grown millet plants at the time of their transfer from nursery to
rii [ri:] vi-r. (by birds) to perch. Paro atan si riibii ho riida. Fowls are perching on the veranda railings.
riivi-r. (by water) to stagnate.
Ngiiyi siiper si yasi kacho riilado. Dirty water stagnates in the fish pond.
-riivsuff. face to face. Gramm: manner suffix indicating that the action denoted by the verb is carried out by two or more subjects facing each other, as when talking, playing or working together.
-riivsuff. meet. Gramm: result suffix indicating that the subject meets the object as a result of the action denoted by the verb. Obing mi lenda ho inriiheku. Go and meet Obing on the way!
riiben:qual. full of (something). Gramm: post-nominal qualifying noun. Syn: rudu.
riibivt. to buy something on someone else's behalf/for someone. Akha ludo mo ami riibitalyi la. Akha said he will buy (me/him/her/them) a cat. Siika mobile si mi ngiika aba riibi. My father bought this mobile for me.
riibinn. area of jungle or bush that has been cleaned for jhum cultivation. riibin panii n. destruction of jhum cultivation (e.g. as an offense against customary law).
riibiin. railings on a house open platform .
riiboda [riboda] adv. three days hence. riiboda aroadv. three days hence morning. riiboda alyinadv. three days hence evening. riiboda ayoadv. three days hence night.
riichakon. house of one of the
*bulyan members which serves as a ritual place during the first day of Myoko. See: riiloko.
riigann. rim, as of an utensil; brim; edge.
riiginn. element of a *giirii trap, the part where the animal is caught as in a vise.
riigii ragaadj. lean and thin.
riigon. plaited cane loops fixed on the horns of an ox to tie it before sacrifice. sii riigon. cane loops for tiying cows. subu riigon. cane loops for tiying mithuns.
riihan. string of a *giirii trap.
riihen:num. one bundle of bamboo. Var: riiye.
riihinn. (Bot.)variety of chestnut tree. Used in particular to make house pillars or posts. Var: rihin. See: kiira; korbin; rahu.
riijann. (Bot.) Chimonobambusa sp., a bamboo species(possibly C. griffithiana).
riikon. (Bot.) Sweet Tea Vine (Gynostemma pentaphyllum),a hardy perennial creeper bearing palmate leaves and small, deep green fruits that are marked with white lines. Encycl: the dried stem, having a bitter taste, is used as a delicacy and also as a medicine after being reduced into powder. Can be used to treat gastric problems if taken on an empty stomach. Mixed with *tapyo and Sichuan pepper seeds (*yorkhan), it is used as a tonic beverage and a remedy for throat irritation .
riikhiidaadv. four days hence.
riilanadj. (esp. of babies) heavy.
Anyo hime ho ano riilanne. Anyo weighed a lot (i.e. was very healthy) during her childhood.
riiliadj. unsteady. riili-riiliadv. unsteadily. Mo riili-riili da. He/she is standing unsteadily.
riilovt.to pour something through a hole or an outlet. Siika ubu si yasi riiloko ke. This hole is for pouring water.
riilyandaadv. five days hence.
riimen. (Bot.) Nepalese alder tree (Alnus
nepalensis), a fast growing tree species used as construction wood, normally planted outside
the village in bamboo groves (*bije). Var: rime; rume.
riimiivt. to mince; to cut into small
pieces. Haman si mi aya riimiito. Mince these vegetables well! Syn:pamii, pimii.
riiniin [´rinĩ] n. purchase; buying or purchasing. Siika shirt si Yama ka riiniin ke. This shirt is Yama's purchase. Syn:riiniin-paniin.
Mumbai hoka bostu
riinin-paniin hii ano khiido. Purchasing goods at Mumbai is very expensive.
riisan:qual. (of two or more bundles of bamboos) 1. distinct; different.2. one set for each.
Gramm: post-nominal qualifying noun. Etym: from *arii,
'bundle of bamboo'.
messy, as of a room, house, etc. Ude si riisi-riise miitolado. The house has been
riitivt. to bind tightly; to fasten.
of marital custom wherein the bridegroom's party harvest a paddy field belonging
to the in-laws. Syn:riitu piniin/riitu pidu.
riiyinn. (Bot.) variety of tree that produces good construction wood.
ro n.See:tunii ro.
ro- [´ro]class. fowl. Gramm: classifier (root form) prefixing numerals and certain monosyllabic adjectival roots. Used for domestic fowls. rohe/roye, ronye, rohinnge, rope, ro'ngohe, rokhe, rokanuhe, ropinye, rokoahe, rolyanhe 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 fowls. Etym: from *paro,
ro [ro:] vt-r. to snatch; to grasp or seize suddenly. Tatung kedorampa, teacher paper mi robiineku. The teacher snatched Tatung's paper while he was still writing. Aki hii yo robiine. The dog took the meat away.
rovt-r. to spy; to follow someone discreetly; to look at someone or something discreetly.
-rovsuff. enlarged. Gramm: result suffix indicating that an object or space is enlarged, expanded or loosened as a result of the action indicated by the verb.
-ro [ro:] adj-r. big; large; big-sized. Gramm: adjective root suffixing most if not all classifiers roots and certain noun roots. Dorro. (of quadrupeds and vehicles) big. Soro (of elongated things) long. Taro (of flat and thin objects) wide. Ant: -nyo.
rohu n. (Zool.) Indian major carp or rohu (Labeo rohita), a relatively large fish species of the Cyprinidae family grown along with paddy in paddy
fields. Encycl: together with Catla (Catla catla)andMrigal Carp (Cirrinhus
cirrhosus), it is an important component of the carp polyculture which was introduced in Ziro area in the 50's. From: Hindi.
roko n. bamboo strip used to tighten the beams of a traditional house.
ron n. color; chemical dye. From: Assamese 'rong', Hindi 'rang'
ronepron. (of fowls) how many. Paro rone na da nii la khiikato. (Try to) count how many fowls there are! Gramm: interrogative pronoun.
ronge [rő´ŋe] n:num. 1. once; one time (i.e. one iteration of an action/event). 2. one (season). 3. one (generation). 4. one (dose). Gramm: used for referring to a particular object. When enumerating, as in school, *ronkun is used instead. See: ron. ronge heteradvphr. (in negative sentences) never. Var: ronge hete. ronge-rongeadv. 1. occasionally, often, once in a
while, seldom, rarely. 2.
adv. off and on; intermittently; not regularly. ronge taadvphr. once more.
ronge tereadvphr. even once. Ngo Ziro ronge tere chakama. I haven't come and see Ziro even once. siika rongenphr. this
time. hiika rongenphr. that time.
ronii [´roni] n. hen. Syn:paro-ronii.
ronniin [ronnĩ] n. burning of something.
yard hoka garbage ronniin si air pollution ka main factor ako. Burning
of garbage at dumping yards is one of the main factors of air
roniin n. break of relationship. ude roniin n. break
of regular visits between two people or households at daggers drawn;
the state of relationship of two people/household having stopped
visiting each other's house.
ka Talu mi ka ude roniin simi ngo chilakuma. I could not understand the reason
behind the sour relation between Tabing and Talu.
ronkun [rő´kũ] n:num. (of seasons, generations, times, doses) one. Gramm: used when enumerating only, i.e. without referring to a particular object, as in school. Otherwise *ronge is used instead.
ronnepron. (of times/doses/seasons/generations) how many. Gramm: interrogative pronoun used for a countable number of seasons/generations/times/doses.
ronsa n:qual. (of two or more times/doses/seasons/generations) 1. distinct; different.2. one set for each. Gramm: post-nominal qualifying noun.
rosa [´rosa] n:qual. (of
two or more fowls) 1. distinct; different. 2. one set for each Gramm: post-nominal
qualifying noun. Etym: from*paro, 'fowl'.
ruvt-r. to shed leaves, as of a plant.
ru vt-r. 1. to chase. Bilo anyan ho, miyu ka alo mi
miikhii-siilyi ho, lemba daka yapa atan hii puha ka asi mi rute-nyatii. In
olden days, when a person fractured a bone, the village youngsters used to
chase a crow's nest. 2. to lurk; to ambush; to
wait in ambush. Taki patii mi mendu pa la
rulyaladu. Taki is lurking the tiger to kill him.
ru vt-r. 1.
to stalk someone. 2. to conspire.
-ru [ru] vsuff. 1. to [do] something with difficulty. 2.adj. difficult/hard/unpleasant to [do]. Gramm: manner suffix
indicating that the subject carries out the action denoted by the verb
in an uneasy or unpleasant manner. Also derives an adjective with the basic
meaning 'uneasy to x', unpleasant to x', x representing the action
indicated by the verb. Ant:-pyo.
rube sarsen. (Agric.) late ripening variety of millet.
rubi n. ritual element of sacrificial altars .
rubi adj. deaf. Syn: yaru-rubi.
rubi yarun. right ear.
rubinii n. one who is deaf; deaf person.
ear lobe ring. Syn: yaru-rubin .
rubinadv. (of a plural subject) to chase
rubyi n. hearing. aya rubyinphr. good hearing. Moka yaru si aya rubyi doke. He/she has a good hearing.
rubu See: yaru-rubu.
ruchi yarun.left ear.
ruda vt. to chase successfully; to be successful in a chase. Ant: rukha.
rudu n:qual. full of (something). Pakhu rudu. Full of scale. Gramm:
post-nominal qualifying noun. Syn: riibe.
rugu vt. to provide security; to take care of someone or something. Mali moka paralysed akhakunii aba mi ruguladu. Mali is taking care of his old father who is paralysed.
ruguniin n. caring of something; care. Murun
yasan mi ka ruguniin yapa atan hii ayo iminyakuma. Those youths who are
taking care of the firewood at a *murun are not sleeping properly
during the night. (Note:
at a *murun, during the period between *iiro o khiiniin and *penii
inniin, children remain alert at night to take care of the properties
and food items of the solemniser. They also frequently visit adjacent
houses beating *tallo to alert the people and scare away the thieves
and evils from the village).
ruhi See: yaru-ruhi.
rujo vt. to chase.
rukovt. to drill. Syn:harko.
rukha n. noise.
rukha vt. to chase unsuccessfully; to be unsuccessful in a chase; to fail to chase. Ant: ruda.
run vi-r. to be or become mad,
crazy or insane.
rungo n. fence usually erected along the dikes to prevent mithuns and harmful spirits from entering villages.
rungya adj. crazy; mad. Syn: rungya-ruya. Niitan
rungyanii! What a nonsense!
runnii n. one who is mad or lunatic; mad or lunatic person.
runniin n. madness; foolishness.
runku-rulya adj. (of a person) half-mad; maniacal.
runser n. smallest type of *murun, involving the sacrifice of only
one or two mithuns, or a mithun and a cow. Encycl: *runser, or *murun-runser, is performed at the village level, and the meat shared between contributors only. Syn:murun-runser; runsere; ronsa.
runtii n. one of the highest and most expensive type of *murun ranking above *takun
putu, involving the sacrifice of several mithuns and several cows. Marked by a procession
(*penii) throughout the entire Ziro plateau and a distribution of meat to every household. Var: runti; murun-runtii; rontii. Syn: gyamo pido. See:un pedo, takun putu,
runtivi. to lower one's head, as is done to
avoid being hit or to avoid cold.
rupin n. earring. Syn: yaru-rupin.
rupu n. silver or silvery metal. Var: rupii.
rutin n. secondary piercing hole of the ear, located above the main hole. rutin hiirann. variety of earring or ear loop worn by women .