-kha [xa] vsuff. fail. Gramm: result suffix indicating that the subject's attempt to carry out the action denoted by the verb ends in failure. Kano ngiika armyan mi kekhabiine. Kano wrote my name wrongly. Mo ngiimi tukhabiine. He miskicked me/He failed to hit me. Ngo ngiihi mi lakhato. I could not catch hold of the fish.
-kha [´xa] vsuff. finish off. Gramm: result suffix indicating full completion of the action indicated by the verb, in such a way that nothing is left. Aki paku mi diikhabiine. The dog has eaten up all the rice on the plate until the very last bite. Aki, paku daka apin mi, diikhapabiine. The dog completely finished off the rice on the plate.
khabin vt. (of a plural subject) to scrape together in a joint manner.
khachevt. to split; to cut or separate into two parts (using any tool). khachehen. half (of what is split).
khaja-khaya vt. to split something completely.
-khan [xã] class. ten place, in counting multiples of ten; for multiples of two, three, seven, eight and nine. Gramm: root form, used for combining with numeral roots to form multiples of ten when counting. nyikhan n:num.twenty. hinkhan n:num.thirty kanukhan n:num.seventy. pinyi khann:num. eighty. koakhann:num. ninety.
khanvt-r. 1. to narrate; 2. (slightly derogatory) to gossip; to chitchat; to natter; to chat. Nyimii atan si khansiilado. These ladies are gossiping. Syn: khansu.
-khan vsuff. puposefully for someone. Gramm: benefactive suffix indicating that the action denoted by the verb is brought about purposefully for someone. Ngo Tamo pa yo byakhanpato la doye. I roasted some meat especially for Tamo.
vi. to kneel down; to get down on one knee.
Prayer pa liiban ho khan'ato. Kneel down for the prayer!
khanchun. lidded cane basket for storing rice in the house. Syn: embin khanchu. Khanchu puye/puhe. One *khanchu basket.
1. v. to talk too much.2. adj. (of a person) talkative; babblermouth; one who indulges in petty talk; gossip; chatter-box.
khange-lyangen. (Zool.) Nepa, Water Scorpion or Scorpion Bug, an aquatic hemipterous insect living in streams and paddy fields. Var: khanhe-yanhe. Usage: Hija .
khan-ha v. to come in to gossip.
khanjun. 1. (derogatory) way of gossiping or chitchatting. 2. (esp. of *hiirii and *miji) way of reciting or chanting.
khanju vt. to bend the knee forward. Niika liiban mi khanjugiito. Bend your knee forward!
khankavt. to talk; to discuss. Akha atan si miji-migun khankasiilado. Elders are discussing *miji-migun.
vt. to disclose; to narrate. khanko-khankhavt. to
disclose something by telling, narrating or gossiping. Party ka secret mi Nyime khanko-khankha patii. Nyime disclosed all the secrets of the Party. Syn: luko-lukha.
khankon. place for gossiping.
khankhanvi. to be firm. khankhan diiranadv. firmly.
khankhanii n. perspicacity.
khanniinn. narration; chat; gossip. hiirii khanniin n. *hiirii chanting (a traditional dance by a chain of male members which takes place
at the house of the performer of a *murun, involving stamping of feet and refrain chorus).
khansuv. to gossip. khapa vt. to scrape something out; to scrape off something. Bije daka kacho mi khapato. Scrape off the dirt on that bamboo!
khapon. uppermost shelf of a *dareke, used for
storing dried meat, *tapyo, pine splits for torch and salt container. Usage:
Bulla. Var: gyai. Usage:
khapuvt. to scrape; to peel. Potato ka alyo mi khaputo. Peel the potato! Alyi ka alyo mi pululyiyepa khaputo. Scrape the skin of pig until it becomes white/fair!
khari vt. to start gossiping/talking about something.
Tani filmstars ka lifestyle mi kharidalyi kiili. Tani again started
gossiping/talking about the lifestyle of filmstars.
kharun name name of a benevolent deity. kharun agyan n. altar erected to propitiate *kharun. kharun arpii n. binding element of *kharun agyan. kharun byodin n. element of *kharun agyan. kharun byokhu n. element of *kharun agyan. kharun giilo n. element of *kharun agyan. kharun sokhan n. element of *kharun agyan.
khataadj. dirty. Syn: khata riidu. Usage: Bulla; khata riidii. Usage: Hari. khata-ruju; mubu-ruju.
Lemba akha atan hii lakhii
piilo ho khata-ruju dunyadu. Village elders live in [more] dirty conditions during the
khe vi-r. to cry; to weep.
niimpa yu khedo nii? Why are they (two)
crying? Mo uye kiibiine nii nyan hime si
khegiido nii. He/she gave a blow so the child is crying.
khe vt-r. to fry something (using a frying pan). See: khen.
khe vt-r. to distribute.
Siika kheta simi students atan
mi kheto. Distribute these books among the students!
khe vt-r. to winnow.
Sunku embin khejalado. Sunku
is winnowing rice.
khevi-r. to suffice; to be sufficient, enough or adequate. Niiko tiiko khesiido ha? Do you have enough money?
Bije donii si narun miinii-nanii pa khekenma ke, bije iche melii-mehato. The bamboo lying here is not sufficient for erecting fence, manage some
more (by searching around). Niit hapa ho! khekendo ke. So much! It's enough.
khe vt-r. to undress; to take off one's clothing.
khe vt-r. to force someone or something.
-khevsuff. forcefully. Gramm: manner suffix indicating that the subject acts in an energetic or forceful manner, or struggles to perform the action denoted by the verb. Miikhe. To put forth one's best effort to do something (despite the difficulties). Etym: from *khe, 'to force someone or something'.
-khevsuff. cry. Gramm: result suffix indicating that someone is made to cry as a result of the action indicated by the verb.
-khesuff. purple; violet (colour). Gramm: adjective root
suffixing certain noun roots. Pyakhe. Reddish, early-ripening variety of rice. Sankhe page. Variety of dark blue, slightly translucent glass bead. Jinkhe-jilyin. Wild Karanda (Carissa spinarum), a variety of thorny shrub bearing small fruits of hyacint blue colour.
khebi vt. to distribute something on someone else's behalf/for someone.
khebi vt. to fry for someone.
khebi vt. to winnow on someone else's behalf/for someone.
khebo vt. to distribute along with others.
khebovt. to cry along with others.
kheja vt. to tear one's cloth while undressing.
khelii vt. to dress up; to get dressed; to put on cloth. Tarii kheliigiito. Put a shirt on!
kheliivt. to force someone or something in.
Tana mi medical college join miidopa moka anii-aba hii kheliibiine. Tana's parents forced her to join a medical college.
khelii vt. to accuse; to blame; to charge with a crime. Usage: Hija. Var: khiilii. Usage: Bulla.
khelovt. to demarcate, esp. by putting/laying something on the ground.
ritual celebrated on the fifteenth day of *Myoko, by which all male clan
members demarcate their household properties and ritual structures with
pieces of split bamboo sticks all around. Encycl: on that day a ritual is
performed for clan members who have kept in common the lower jaws (*so)
of the slaughtered pigs . After the ritual those pieces are taken
back to their respective owner's homes and deposited in the sacred
corner of the house (*dokho achan). Var: khelonii.
khempivt. to dry something by heating it.
khenvt-r. to fry something by heating only, without a direct contact to the flame. Tanyi mi khento. Fry the maize! (i.e. in front of the fire with its heat alone). See: khe.
khen vt-r. 1. to cut a standing bamboo, trunk, log, etc. with a blade by giving a blow almost parallel to it (as opposed to *po). See: po. 2. to cut bamboo massively in a grove, esp. as an act of revenge.
khenvt-r. to toil; to labour (esp. hard labour); to work (esp. hard work). Kanno uropa khendo. Kanno is working hard. Syn: apo khen.
Construction labourers atan si
achi apo khennyado. Construction labourers are working/toiling very hard.
khengiivi. to sob; to weep aloud
compulsively with short, gasping breaths.
khenguvt. to heat or warm something.
khenii n. one who cries; crying person (unspecified). Hime
khenii. A crying baby.
kheniin n. cry. siima kheniinn. funeral chant, usually performed by a woman.
kheniinn. distribution.amin-ahi kheniinn. distribution of prizes. yo kheniin n. meat distribution, esp. during a *murun.
kheniin n. frying.
khenji n. (Anat.) temples (sides of the head). Usage: Hija.Var: khenyi. Usage: Bulla. khenji amun. (Anat.) sideburns. Usage: Hija.Var: khenyi amu. Usage: Bulla.
khenniin n. (hard) labour.
Syn: apo kheniin. Tanii
aji hoka apo khenniin kanepa ngunu town daka miyu atan hii
khenchilakenma. We the people from cities can't work as hard as Apatani farmers do.
khenniinn. frying by heating (esp. by fire, without direct contact to the flame).
khetan. book. From: Hindi
'kitab', Assamese 'kitap'. Siika kheta atan si niikii. These books are yours. Kheta-taye. One book.
khetan. mark left by tears which have run down one's face after drying up.
kheta vt. to distribute something along with, or in addition to something else.
Principal books agin ho sweet khetanyange la lune. Principal told to
distribute sweets along with books.
kheyi n. (Bot.) Cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum verum), a small evergreen tree cultivated for its bark, which yields cinnamon. kheyi alyon. Cinnamom bark . Var: kei; kehi.
n. (Zool.) mole. Usage: Hija. Syn: siipe.
khii [xi]n:num. six.
-khii [xi]num-r. six. Gramm: numeral root used
for combining with classifiers to indicate six specimens of a
of objects. Used in counting only (as in one, two, three...), without
reference to a particular object.
khii [´xi:]vt-r. 1. to count; to enumerate. 2. vt-r. to cost; to be worth. Simi
ne khiidu? How much does it cost? 3. vi. to count (as). Ziro mi Arunachal
kapyoja ganda ako pa khiidu. Ziro counts as one of the most
beautiful places in Arunachal Pradesh. 4. adj. costly; expensive. Usage: Hari, Hija, Bulla. Ant: khiima. khiiyaadj.
costlier; more expensive. khiijaadj. costliest; most expensive.
khii vt-r. to cook solid food by boiling (as opposed to *char). Hayalyi
hoka pila khiibinii, ngiika ane. It's my
mother who cooks *pila (for me) when I'm hungry. Apin khiihe. Go and cook rice! See: char.
khiivt-r. to pound with a spoon, stick or pestle into a hole, etc.
khii vt-r. to treat with respect; to esteem; to honour.
Ziro daka Police officer mi miyu atan achi khiibiinyado. People are treating Ziro police officers with respect.
khii vt-r. to make a rope by twisting cane.
Taser yaso hokii subu sha khiidu. Ropes for tiying mithuns are made from *taser cane.
khii vt-r. to insert; to tuck in.
khiivi-r. to slide while in a sitting position.
-khii vsuff. killed. Gramm: result suffix indicating that the action denoted by the verb results in the killing of the object. Often used in a figurative sense to express the idea that the speaker's desire to perform the action indicated by the verb has been suppressed or 'killed'. Henkhii. To have no more desire to repeat something after having had a bad experience.
khiiben:qual. other. Gramm: qualifying noun preceding another noun with the overal sense 'other N'. Niika khiibe ajin atan hii nii la ludo? What do your other friends say?
khiibi vt. to cook for someone. Myoko hoka
kaji khiibibo hii, ngiika ane. It's my
mother who cooks *kaji for me during Myoko.
khiibo ajinn. ceremonial friend. khiibo gyoniinn. invitation of *khiibo ajin through a procession on the second night of *Myoko. khiibo
inniin. procession led by the priest (*byai
mibya) on the second night of Myoko.
khiibovt. to slide across (while in a sitting position). Iche ako ya seat so khiibohe. (Please) slide to the next/other seat!
khiichevt. to divide up or split (by counting).
khiichevt. break/split something by sliding over it.
khiichehe n. half (of what is counted).
khiidavt. to count correctly. Ant: khiimur.
khiidinvt. to add. Syn: khiidin-khiipya.
khiidinniinn. adding; addition.
vt. to cost too much. Si pa koda
khiigahajabiido. For it, the cost is too
high. Shopping mall ho item atan mi ano khiigabiido. Items are costlier in shopping malls. 2. adj. overpriced. Miyu khiiga. A person who offers for sale at too high a price.
khiiga 1. vt. to count or calculate fast. Tara ano khiigado. Tara counts/calculates fast. 2. adj. very fast counting/calculating. Miyu khiiga. A person who counts or calculates very fast.
khiigavt. to cook a lot; to cook too much. Tara-lu ka ude ho ano yo khiigadu. There is always some meat being cooked in Tara's home.
khiigii1. vt. to tie hair into a bun or knot. 2. adj. (of hair) ruffled. See: ngagii.
khiigu vt. to boil/cook/warm something again after it has cooled.
kiihe/-khiihe num-r. six. Gramm: numeral root following nouns, or used
for combining with classifiers to indicate six specimens of a
of objects. Var: khiiye; khiie; -khe. Subu khiihe. Six mithuns. alyan khiihen:num. sixty.
khiija vt. to complete counting.
khiija vt. to complete cooking. Yo mulanru mi khiijato. Finish cooking of all the meat!
khiijann. (Anat.) small intestine. khiijan-khiiro n. (Anat.) intestines; bowels, in general. khiijan paniin. variety of dish consisting of pork intestines
steam-cooked in a bamboo piece. khiijan pike n. intestine *pike, mostly using small intestine of cow, mithun and pig.
khiiju n. cooking way; cooking procedure.
Tanii pike khiiju. Way of
cooking Tanii *pike.
khiiju n. usual price/value; casual rate. Syn: dumin khiiju.
khiika vt. to count as a trial. Var: kheka. Usage: Bulla. Syn: khiika-paka.
Paro rone na danii la khiikato. (Try to) count the number of hens !
khiika vt. to cook, as a trial or to see what happens. Sunka pike khiikado. Sunka is trying to cook *pike.
khiika vt. to pound as a trial (with spoon, stick or pestle into a hole, etc.). Apin piichan mi punyu lo oye
khiikato. Pound once in the rice pot with your spoon!
khiikaniin n. cooking trial/try.
khiike la vcn. to bind loosely in a circular motion.
khiikhavt. to count incorrectly; to miscalculate.
khiikovt. to unbolt.
khiikhavt. to cook something the wrong way. Dinsung pike khiikhabiido. Dinsung cooked *pike the wrong way.
khiikhe n. (Anat.) side part of the belly; area of the body located above the hip.
khiikhii diirii adj. scared.
khiikhu-khiichevt. 1. to discriminate; to distinguish. 2. to count the major part of something.
khiikun-khiipavt. to tot; to sum up; to total.
khiilan vt. (Zool.) variety of red-brownish squirrel. Etym: from *takhii, 'squirrel', *lanchan, 'red'. Syn: santu khiilan.
khiilii vt. 1. to insert; to put in. Siika ubu so yakho khoye khiiliito. Insert a stick in this hole! 2. to include; to add; to supplement; to append. khiilii-khiikhavt. to insert something the wrong way or position.
mi khiilii-khiikhabiido. The stick has been inserted the wrong way (or in the wrong position/at a wrong position).
khiilii vt. to accuse; to blame; to charge with a crime. Usage: Bulla. Var: khelii. Usage: Hija.
khiilu-khiile vt. to count in a confused or confusing manner.
khiilyovi. to be crouched in a squatting position as a beggar.
1. vt. to not be worth.2. adj. cheap; inexpensive. khiima hama vt. 1. to look down with contempt or dislike; to scorn; to denigrate; to discredit. 2. to not give a damn about something.
khiimur vt. to count something wrongly. Ant: khiida.
-khiin vsuff. overdone. result suffix indicating that something is worn out or worn down as a result of multiple iterations of the same activity indicated by the verb. Pakhiin. To blunt the edge of a blade by repeated striking.
-khiin...-mii vsuff. muddled; confused. Gramm: split manner suffix indicating that the subject brings about the action identified by the verb in a confused manner.
khiinii n. (Anat.) 1. navel; belly button. 2. umbilical cord.
khiinii adj. (in a nominal/relative phrase or clause) costly; valuable.
khiinii miru n.
unetched, spherical black and white banded agathe, a popular bead worn
esp. on *santer tasan. Encycl: commonly
known as Sulemani agathe or Solomon agathe, this variety of stone is widespread as necklace ornament in the Himalayan region .
khiiniin 1. n. cost; value; price. Siika shoe si ne khiiniin na? What is the price of these shoes? 2.adj. expensive; costly. Mumbai hoka bostu
riiniin-paniin hii ano khiiniindo. Purchasing goods in Mumbai is very expensive. 3.eminent;
distinguished; renowned; famous; illustrious; esteemed;
precious; prominent; important; notable; high-ranking. khiiniinjaadj. costliest; most expensive. Gold si khiiniinjaku metal. Gold
is the costliest metal. Var: kiniinja. Usage: Bulla. khiiniinjapaadv. most costly. Var: kiniinjapa. Usage: Bulla.Ngunuka Ziro ganda mi supun ho
kiniinjapa busa. Let us make of our Ziro a most valuable place. khiininpaadv. costly;
expensively. khiiniinyaadj. costlier; more expensive.
khiiniin n. cooking (by boiling). O khiiniin. Rice/millet beer brewing.
khiiniinn. making of rope by twisting cane. saha khiiniinn. making of cane rope for tiying mithuns.
khiinyo v. to practice counting.
khiinyoniin n. counting practice; counting training.
khiipavt. to deduct (in a counting); to subtract; to take away.
khiipavt. to have or express an unfavorable opinion; to condemn; to reprobate.Syn: khiipa-khiiya; nyapa; lupa.
khiiravt. to pay beforehand to the owner of a thing, though the deal ends only when the dealer is finally paid his commission.
khiiron. (Anat.) large intestine.
khiitinvt. to compare.
khiitinvt. to bolt.
khiitiin. bulging of stomach.
khiiye See: khiihe.
kho-class. stick. Gramm: classifier (root form) prefixing numerals and certain monosyllabic adjectival roots. Used for for sticks of all kinds. khohe/khoye, khonye, khohinhe, khope, kho'ngohe, khokhe, khokanuhe,
khopinye, khokoahe, kholyanhe. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 stick(s). Etym: from *yakho, 'stick'.
kho vt-r. 1. to stir/move something with a stick or any similar device; to dig a hole by using a digging stick (*damu dankho) or some similar device. 2. to move (boat) with a paddle; to row; to
paddle. 3. Etym: from *yakho,
kho vi-r. 1. (by cock; rooster) to crow. 2. (by frog) to caw.
-khovsuff. waste; ruin. Gramm: result suffix indicating that something is wasted, or that the value of something is reduced as a result of the action denoted by the verb.
khode-naniin. ritual element of sacrificial altars.
khodii ripe n. variety of *maji (Tibetan bell). See: maji.
khohe n:num. one stick. Gramm: used when counting a particular object. When enumerating, as in school, *khokun is used in place of *khohe. Var: khoye.
khohii-khokheadj. to stir/move something to and from with a stick or any similar device.
khoko-khopeadj. unorganised or disorganized; messy; mixed; disorderly.
khokun n. one stick. Gramm: when enumerating only, i.e. without reference to a
particular object. Otherwise *khohe/*khoye is used in place of *khokun. See:khohe; khoye.
kholi See: diiri kholi.
kholo vt-r. to dig downward (with a digging stick or some similar device). Lenda miidu pa la putu mi khololado. In order to make a road they are digging/cutting down the soil of the hill.
khomun. ritual element of sacrificial altars made of bamboo split in which an egg shell is inserted. danyi khomun. *khomu ornamenting *danyi agyan. aji agyan khomun. *khomu ornamenting *aji agyan.
khomyu n. (esp. of a stick, etc.) tapering end.
khonchan n. corner of a space, esp. of a building or room. Syn: ude khonchan.
khondann. front or back
wall of the house. Usage: Bamin-michi. Syn: pindan. Usage: Hija.
byago khondann. front wall separating the front veranda
from the house; façade wall. Syn: byago pindan. Usage: Hija. uko khondann. back wall separating the rear veranda from the house. Syn: uko pindan. Usage: Hija.
khone pron. (of sticks) how many. Gramm: interrogative pronoun.
khonii n. 1. (by cock; rooster) crowing; crow. 2. (by frog) cawing; caw. paro ronge khoniin. first crow of the the rooster (before dawn). paro ronye khoniin. second crow of the rooster before sunrise.
khonjun. ritual element of sacrificial altars.
khonkhun n. (Zool.) falcon; eagle; hawk. Generic term including various species of birds of prey such as Black Baza
(Aviceda leuphotes), Eurasian hobby (Falco sunbbuteo), among others.
khonyen:num. (of sticks) two. May also have the sense 'a few sticks of'. No rengiisiidudo, hojalo yasan khonyehe tatoran. You must be feeling tired, still cut/split some firewood!
khonyo adj. (of a stick) small. Ant: khoro.
khoro adj. (of a stick) big. Ant: khonyo.
khosa n:qual. (of
two or more sticks) distinct; different. Gramm: post-nominal
qualifying noun. Etym:
khotu n. traditional hair metal skewer for males.
khoye See: khohe.
khu vt-r. to measure.
khu vt-r. to cut legs or ears of killed animals; to dismember.
Alyi ali simi khuto. Cut the legs of this pig!
khu adj. 1. (of a non-living thing) old.
Siika tasan si ano khu. These beads are very old. Siika
tarii si khuku la byadoku. This shirt is
old and worn out.
Ngunuka ude khu
simi pyapakendoku. We have to remove/destroy our old house. Khu embo
nyi mi niti embo nyi mi tadinsiito. Mix the old rice with new rice
together into a single heap! 2.
stale, as of meat (esp. bacon); gone rotten. Yo khudoku. The meat is stale. Ant: niti; lela.
-khu vsuff. separated. Gramm: result suffix indicating that two or more things are separated from each other as a result of the action identified by the verb.
-khu vsuff. remainder. Gramm: nominalizer. Derives a noun describing a remaining portion that is separated, or discarded from a whole through the action indicated by the verb. Usually implies that the action identified by the verb is carried out almost fully or completely, leaving no significant remainder. Ngo diikhu mi diitema. I won't eat the leftovers.
-khu...-chevt. major part/portion. Gramm: temporal suffix indicating completion of the greater part of the action denoted by the verb.
khugyu n. funnel-shaped bamboo or cane matting for distilling beer or *pila. Syn: pila khugyu.
khupyo adj. easy/pleasant to cut (in reference to legs or ears of killed animals). Ant: khuru.
khuru adj.difficult to cut (in reference to legs or ears of killed animals) . Ant: khupyo.
khuyi adj. sour; having an acid taste. khuyi hamanSee: o khuyi haman.